WHY INDIA CELEBRATE 2nd OCT: An Iconic Date Indian Calender, Historical Context, Values

By Ritwik Ghosh,Kolkata India

gandhi jayanti

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( Gandhi Jayanti ):

A mark of respect to the greatest INDIAN leader, the day is observed as a public vacation and celebrated with colorful events with prayer services

Gandhi Jayanti History & Importance October 2 is observed as Gandhi Jayanti to commemorate the birth anniversary of the ‘ Father of the Nation ’ Mahatma Gandhi. The freedom fighter was born on October 2, 1869. This time will be the 154th birth anniversary. Born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Porbandar, Gujarat, Gandhi led India’s freedom struggle along with other famed leaders.

As a mark of respect to the leader, the day is a public vacation and celebrated with colorful events with prayer services and artistic events in educational institutions, and indeed government institutions.

especially, on the day, political leaders pay homage to Raj Ghat, the samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. His favorite songs, ‘ Raghupati Raghava ’ and ‘ Vaishnav Jan To Tene Kahiye ’, are also sung on the occasion in colorful events as a homage to the leader.

In his honor, the United Nations declared this day as the ‘ International Day of Non-Violence’ on June 15, 2007.

Fondly called Bapu Ji, Gandhi completed his scale from London and went to South Africa to rehearse law where he saw miserable treatment allocating out to numerous Indian peasants in South Africa. Gandhi enforced the peaceful Civil Disobedience Movement against the African officers. As he returned to India in 1915 and saw the state of affairs under the British Government with Indian peasants assessed with inordinate levies, he began protesting it.

In 1921, Gandhi became the leader of the Indian National Congress. Soon, he led multiple juggernauts to attain ‘ Swaraj ’ or tone- rule for Indian workers through non-violence or Ahimsa.

He led the 400-long Dandi Salt March to put an end to the swab duty. Later, the Quit India Movement against British rule in 1942, and patient sweat led to India becoming an autonomous nation with Lord Mountbatten’s protestation of Partition.

He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.

Gandhi is flashed back throughout the world for his donation to not just India’s Freedom struggle but also his principles of Ahimsa and Swaraj. While he didn’t directly share in drafting the Indian Constitution which was a long process, his precious outlook and ideas on social justice, decentralization, and pacifism had an influence on making the Constitution more inclusive.

Interestingly, October 2 is also a significant day as it commemorates the birth anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri, the former Prime Minister of India. He was born on October 2, 1904. Shastri served as the alternate Prime Minister of India and is known for his part in leading India during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.

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